In a traffic accident, all parties are usually a bit excited and do not know in detail what to do. And that although the correct behavior at the scene of the accident to the theoretical basics when acquiring the driving licence belongs. In addition, it should be noted that with regard to correct behavior, the law, under Section 34 of the Road Traffic Regulations, a scheme there. For this reason, it is essential to remember what to do after a traffic accident on a regular basis. The following explains what correct behavior at the scene of the accident represents.
1. Stop and secure the accident site
First of all, the vehicle must stopped and immediately the Hazard lights be switched on. Next, the safety vest be created. Then the scene of the accident must with the warning triangle, which must be carried according to § 53a StVZO. This is when you get off first on the other vehicles to pay attention to the flowing traffic. The place at which the warning triangle must be parked varies depending on the scene of the accident. In any case, the triangle must be on the right edge of the road or on the Hard shoulder be set up.
The distance to the scene of the accident is urban 50 meters, on a country road 100 meters and on the highway 150 to 400 meters. It should also be noted that in Curves or road crests the warning triangle and before this must be set up and accident witnesses asked waiting. Due to the high speed of the flowing traffic in the event of an accident on the motorway, those involved must in reasonable distance Wait behind the guardrail and always pay attention to your own safety.
2. Provide first aid
If people are injured in the traffic accident, they must first out of the danger area and be helped within the framework of the knowledge of those involved. According to the legal basis, must not perfect medical help but only an aid from an average medically educated layperson. Reasonable but neglected assistance can be provided in accordance with Section 323c StGB punishable by law be. For example, is also the anrufen in the emergency call center Part of the first aid service.
It should also be noted that § 35 StVZO prescribes the amount of first aid material in the vehicle. After that a First aid kitthat is the purpose for First aid service fulfilled, be carried along. If this requirement is not met, a traffic control with 10 EUR warning fee to count.
3. Do not leave the scene of the accident
After the accident site has been secured and, if necessary, first aid has been provided, those involved are allowed to join can not be remove from the scene of the accident. This is only permitted if, for example, it is urgently required to help the injured. Otherwise there is a risk of Prosecution according to § 142 StGB as well as consequences in the context of recourse by the insurance company.
4. Call for help
If there are injuries in the accident, if it looks like a high level of property damage or if the other parties to the accident have already left the scene of the accident without permission, they must always the ambulance service or the police under 110 or 112 to be called. If the traffic accident occurred on a motorway or a federal or state road, the emergency telephone should be used to call for help and not the private mobile phone. The exact location can be determined via the emergency telephones, which is not immediately possible via the mobile phone. If there is no emergency telephone nearby, you can of course also use your private cell phone. For the phone call to the emergency services or the police, the six “W-questions” to consider:
- Who makes the report?
- Where is the scene of the accident?
- What happened?
- How many injured are there?
- What injuries are there?
- Waiting for inquiries!
5. Clear the scene of the accident
In the event of minor damage, care must be taken not to unnecessarily influence the flow of traffic. Because of a small sheet metal damage, no crossing should be blocked become. In this case, you should drive to the side of the road and photograph or mark the position of the vehicles in advance.
6. Report the damage
Because immediately after a traffic accident the Car insurance must be informed, it is best to call the free insurance hotline directly at the scene of the accident together with the other parties involved in the traffic accident. If this is not possible at the scene of the accident, the vehicle insurance company must be informed after the accident has been recorded. Even if the question who caused the accident, has not yet been clarified in detail, an immediate precautionary damage report should nevertheless be made. Which Deadlines apply here that you can see in our article "When should the insurance company inform about a claim?“Read.
7. Own evidence collection
In the best case scenario, the scene of the accident without further movement of the vehicles, Photos taken. If this is not possible at the moment, this must be the case when reporting the damage to the insurance company Official mark of the other party involved in the accident and Names and addresses of the drivers involved must be noted. This data should also be used in any case with the Driver's license or others Identification papers of the other party involved in the accident matched become. In addition, the name of the insurance company and the number of the insurance policy of the other party in the accident must be noted.
It is also important and useful Place, date and time of the accident as well as the names and addresses of the accident witnesses. An accident sketch and an accident report are also recommended. Throughout all of this, it is important to keep note of the notes Pay attention to flowing trafficto avoid further accidents.
8. Conduct towards the police
In principle, the police must provide their own information to the person as well as to the vehicle be made. If there are any doubts as to how the accident occurred, no further information should be given. In exceptional cases, when the question of guilt can be clarified directly on site, a police warning money accepted directly become. As soon as the police have arrived at the scene of the accident, if the question of guilt is unresolved, they are generally just to provide personal details, information that you were involved in the accident and information on liability insurance. Furthermore are Identification papers to be shown only on request to the police
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