For example, if you want to drive a US vehicle in German road traffic, you need a special permit. Because with US vehicles it is not always possible to convert the vehicle so that it EC guidelines, ECE guidelines sowie den StVZO- Approval requirements. Furthermore, the financial outlay for the corresponding conversion is not always justified. Approval authorities can, under certain conditions and according to defined regulations, issue a so-called exception permit for an import vehicle.
Exemption for admission
US vehicles are not intended for the European market and it often takes a lot of technical and financial effort to convert the vehicle according to EC and ECE guidelines. However, the vehicle cannot always be modified in such a way that it complies with the StVZO approval regulations. In some cases there is simply no possibility of retrofitting. This is the case, for example, when a turn signal lens from an older classic is not available in the color orange. Then, for example, a special permit is issued in order to be able to use the American-style turn signals, which were often kept in red at the time. However, whether and to what extent the entry is made also depends on the vehicle. There is also the possibility that the entry will only be made if the vehicle has a H approval owns. Here you should definitely find out in advance. In principle, however, extensive exemptions can sometimes be granted for imported vehicles in order to obtain approval in this country. Only a general statement is difficult!
Example: the immobilizer
An immobilizer is compulsory for vehicles that were first registered from October 01.10.1998st, XNUMX (date of first registration). US vehicles have an immobilizer which, however, only has properties similar to those of the immobilizer for the European market. The transmit frequencies of the remote controls are different and a conversion is usually not feasible. A special permit is therefore required for the immobilizer of the imported vehicle. Who grants the exemption or for which exceptions an application is necessary may depend on the respective federal state. Example Baden-Württemberg: The regional council is the competent authority, which in turn has delegated the granting of exemptions. The local registration offices and road traffic authorities can Grant exemptions. The exemptions can are only issued by road traffic authorities and registration authorities for recurring events that require an exception. If an exception is not common, the exception must be requested from the vehicle owner at the regional council. The administrative process required for exemptions costs fees.
observe the schedule of fees
Exemptions are subject to a separate fee schedule. The fee schedule offers the authorities a certain amount of leeway, which can range, for example, between EUR 10 and EUR 500, depending on the facts and the imported vehicle model. In practice, however, the authorities often set prices very moderately. For example, only a fee of 50 euros is usually billed per exception. An amount of 3 euros is then often required for 100 exceptions and 3 euros for more than 150 exceptions. However, the stated fees may vary and do not claim to be correct and complete. It should be asked in advance at the responsible registration office for the fees and the exact determination of fees. It should also be found out which exemptions the local approval body can carry out and which exemptions an application must be made to the regional council.
advice is necessary
TÜV and local registration offices can provide information on the necessary exemptions for import vehicles. Before buying and importing a vehicle, it is advisable to ask about necessary conversion measures and exemptions if the vehicle is to be driven on European and German roads.
Everything you need to know about a special permit:
- the exemption generally relates to imported vehicles but also to modifications and changes to European vehicles
- Fee schedule tends to be between € 10 and € 500
- Section 71 of the Road Traffic Licensing Regulations (StVZO) states that when exemptions are granted, the possibly listed requirements must always be observed
- Special approval relates to the provisions of the StVZO
- If there is no special permit and the vehicle is nevertheless moved on the road, fines and points may apply and the operating license may also lapse
- It is only issued by a state-recognized test organization
Of course that had not been the case.
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