When it comes to the transport of certain medicines, chemical products or even food, it may be necessary to maintain certain temperatures precisely and permanently. One also speaks of compliance with the cold chain, If you work in such an industry, there is no way around a specially converted car. So if you want to convert a van or a van into a refrigerated truck, this is quite possible. But when converting, you have to pay attention to various aspects.
The right cooling for the refrigerated truck
The most important thing in a refrigerator wagon is, of course, cooling. This is operated electrically and ensures that the storage room is cooled accordingly. The range of cooling ranges from frost to low temperatures. Especially if you want to convert a van into a refrigerated truck, you should think carefully about what you want to transport with the refrigerated truck when choosing the right cooling. It makes a difference whether you transport fruit at 5-6 degrees or whether you want to bring frozen goods from A to B. Depending on the cooling model, the system is either installed directly in the vehicle or outside, for example on the roof. However, you always have to keep an eye on the vehicle height so that the car is not too high in the end. The cooling must then be connected to the vehicle electrical system depending on the installation location. It is important that cooling performance is guaranteed even without the engine running.
So that the cooling capacity is not lost
Of course, insulation is also important for a refrigerated truck. The structure that is to be used for cooling must be insulated accordingly so that the cooling capacity is not lost. The cladding is then built on top of the insulation. This is usually a sheet metal cladding, such as checker plate. But GRP is also popular. When covering the cooling area, it is important that it can be easily cleaned at any time. This is especially true when you want to transport food. An example: A cooler for the temperature range down to -18 ° C can, for example, have insulation made of rigid PU foam and should of course be CFC-free. The insulation design is often installed on the basis of an outside temperature of 30 ° C. With regard to the floor load, you should make sure that a heavy-duty floor suitable for lifting trucks is installed. The floor should be non-slip using sand. And when you expand, you always have to Total weight to have an eye on.
Note the permissible total mass
When removing the transport or cooling area, you have to expand the loading area depending on the goods you want to transport. This is the case with medicines and chemical products Shelves and compartments on. If you want to transport meat, depending on the size of the meat, it is advisable to use hooks. Depending on the size of the cooling area, lighting must also be taken into account here, especially when you can enter the cooling area. Which legal regulations you have to consider when converting to a refrigerated truck depends heavily on the goods. The spectrum ranges from a DIN standard for the expansion of refrigerated vehicles to food regulations.
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