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A decommissioning and a forced decommissioning are various Affairs. A car can be decommissioned by the owner at any time. The administrative effort and the costs are rather low and, furthermore, not due to an official measure. In contrast, forced decommissioning of motor vehicles is significantly more expensive and is carried out by regulatory authorities for various reasons. The subject of forced decommissioning is discussed in more detail below.
Forced shutdown - when is it carried out?
A regulatory authority can carry out a forced shutdown for various reasons. For example, the registration office is advised by the respective insurance company or the tax office that something does not fit, whereupon the regulatory office intervenes. The vehicle is unsealed during a forced shutdown and may be delivered after the so-called delivery Ordinance no more driving by car on public roads. For example, a compulsory shutdown can be carried out for the following reasons:
- TÜV and AU have expired
- the vehicle tax was not paid
- no insurance premiums have been paid or the insurance cover has expired
- a defective vehicle that is not roadworthy
- Vehicle is not rewritten to the new owner
- VW exhaust scandal vehicles can also be affected
In addition to the reasons mentioned, there are other cases where the car can be shut down. For example, a forced shutdown can take place if a vehicle has not been correctly rewritten to a new owner. Before the vehicle is decommissioned, the vehicle owner is usually asked to remedy defects or, for example, to pay the vehicle tax. Regulatory authorities usually give the owner a reasonable period of time to prevent decommissioning or to take action. But it depends on the reasons for the decommissioning. If you want to continue using the vehicle, you must provide proof that the reason for the imminent decommissioning has been eliminated so that the compulsory decommissioning is prevented. For example, if insurance coverage is lacking, the owner usually only has 3 days to correct the deficiency.
What happens during a forced shutdown?
If defects have not been remedied, the owner will receive an order that will cause the vehicle to be shut down. As a result, the vehicle may no longer be driven. The police also advertise the vehicle for a search. In addition, the license plates of the car are unsealed by a city sales force. The vehicle registration certificate (registration certificate part I or the vehicle registration certificate) is withdrawn. The license plates of external vehicles can also be unsealed by the city as part of administrative assistance. In the event of administrative assistance, the regulatory authority is requested to shut down by another regulatory authority.
Can a private person initiate the mandatory deregistration?
There are cases, for example, where a car was sold even though it had not yet been deregistered. As a rule, it is then stated in the purchase contract that the buyer either de-registers the car or re-registers in his name within a period of time. If the buyer does not adhere to the procedure set out in the contract, the seller can request a forced decommissioning of the vehicle. To do this, he must contact the responsible registration office in the buyer's catchment area. This type of forced registration from the vehicle then also takes place without papers.
Overview of the costs!
As mentioned at the beginning, the costs are not comparable with the usual - quite inexpensive - cancellation (5 to 20 €) of the car by the owner. In the event of a forced shutdown, amounts of up to 300 euros must be expected. If you want to avoid the costs, you can forestall the authority and deregister the vehicle yourself or eliminate the reasons for the impending decommissioning as soon as possible. And if the vehicle is to be re-registered later after the mandatory deregistration, an additional fee is also due. As a rule, however, this amounts to less than € 15. Since 2015, selected vehicles can be deregistered online from the website of the Federal Motor Transport Authority (KBA). However, this only applies to vehicles with a registration after January 1st, 2015. Here the license plate has integrated a hidden QR code.
Forced shutdown - conclusion
When the vehicle is decommissioned, the license plates of the vehicle are unsealed and the vehicle may no longer be driven. There are many reasons for a forced shutdown. For example, a lack of insurance, defects that make the vehicle unsuitable for traffic, unpaid vehicle tax or other reasons can lead to forced decommissioning. Depending on the reason, the regulatory authorities give the owner of the vehicle time to remedy the defect. However, if the request is not complied with, the forced shutdown will take place sooner or later. If you have moved, you should register your car to the new address as soon as possible. If you have bought a new car, it is advisable to deregister the old one and register the new one again.
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